Skin discoloration results from various components. Some are natural, such as moles and birthmarks. Others are associated with components such as sun exposure (e.g., dispersed superficial actinic porokeratosis, hyper pigmentation) or allergy or immune reaction (lichen planus). The skin can get darker (e.g., acanthosis nigricans, progressive pigmentary purpura) or lighter (albinism, vitiligo). The term “skin whitening” refers to various cosmetic methods used to whiten the skins pigment. Hyper pigmentation can also be related to a number of diseases including Nose Fillers:
Common treatment for hyper-pigmentation can include hydroquinone, kojic acid, azelaic acid, ascorbic acid, tretinoin (Retinol), topical glucocorticoids, and licorice extract. All treatments fail if the affected area is exposed to the sun with inadequate UVA/UVB protection. The main goal is to reduce the hyper pigmentation without causing hypo pigmentation; Since pigmentation is the coloring of ones skin, when he or she is healthy the color will appear “normal”, however, in the case of diseases or other conditions the persons skin may change its colorization by becoming darker (hyper pigmentation) or lighter (hypo pigmentation).
If you’ve had a skin infection, blisters, burns or other injury to your skin, you may have a loss of pigmentation in the affected area. The good news with this type of pigment loss is that it’s frequently not everlasting, but it may take a long time to repigment. Cosmetics can be used to screen the surface area, while the body regenerates the pigment.
A number of drugs are also known to reduce or even stop the hyper pigmentation condition of the skin, these drugs include amiodarone, tetracyclines, psychotropics, diltiazem, antimalarials, and heavy metals. For the most part I would assume with hyper and hypo pigmentation (as with anything else) that you would get a better effect if you used something more natural or organic that has ingredients in it such as Ginseng Extract, Caraway Extract, Carrot Seed Extract, Geranium, Limonium, Cucumis Sativus, Paraffinum Liquid, Proprietary Whitening Complex, Natural Fragrance, so all in all it really is good for your skin, healthy, and it doesn’t contain a ton of chemicals!
Of course if your pigmentation is at its absolute worst I would say you need to go and see a dermatologist but for the most part I have seen quite a few studies done online that including really high (positive) results for skin care products that use the aforementioned ingredients rather than harsher chemicals!
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